During the period between 1915-1941 many attempts were made to develop new production process of magnesium, especially in Europe. By the urgent need for magnesium created by the threat of the second world war, some of those procedures were employed … Continue reading →
METAFO fair is the largest fair of IRAN. This has been the twelfth edition. In 2014 doubled participation and designated space for the this Fair. FUNDIGEX has participated, on behalf of the ICEX in a grouped stand with Basque companies.INSERTEC, had its own stand.
Since 15 years ago in Iran, The foundry has been growing, espacially the sector of steel and aluminium parts:
The production of casting can be decomposed into:
70% Iron Casting
8% steel parts.
12% are castings of other non-ferrous materials.
70% of Iron castings goes to the automotive sector, which is growing in Iran and moves a significant volume of business.
In 2013, a reduction of iron furnace was located in Galdakao (Bizkaia-Spain). This building,is the largest in Europe, with 5.5 meters tall and 4 wide, this large furnace that was based on the manual work against others later which were helped from the force of the water was really great.
Before the revolution industrial, at the beginning of the 19th century, this metal (Iron) also was very importan in Basque country life. The iron was good, had little phosphorus, for this reason they could manufacture more flexible tools. They obtaining the Iron through these funaces drilled on the slopes. They pouring the mineral into the furnace and with the heat were obtained iron in one side and slag on the other.
Researchers have given them the name of “BASQUE FURNACE”. In fact, compared with other structures, the zone have walls curved – the European are straight- and channel which gives air is located on one side rather than in the center of the bottom.
We consider an interesting news, because we can see that this town has its history very linked to the iron, also seemed a curosity that one of the locations of INSERTEC was in this town.
INSERTEC, in the XIV Congress of according (National Congress of heat treatments and surface), held on the premises of the AIMEN technological Center in O Porriño (Pontevedra) during the days from September 30 to October 1st.
The main objective of our presence, is primarily the promotion of the equipment of the Division of industrial furnaces, mainly for the Sector of the thermal treatment, exposing various roll-upp´s in order to get the public installations supplied by INSERTEC for heat treatment in sectors such as the metallurgical, aeronautical, wind, energy, & automotive.
AIMEN President with Jorge almeida in TRATERMAT 2015
INSERTEC, has developed a new range of plastic products. Comercial name DRYPLAST. The main difference from INSEPLAST range is the use of a dry binder, with this new binder we get these advantages: Manteinance the consistency that needs for working, … Continue reading →
FENAF 2015 is a Conference and exhibition for the foundry industry. It is a bianual fair. The seventh time that INSERTEC exhibited at this fair (since 2003); but is our first time like INSERTEC REFRACTORY DO Brazil LTDA.
The market situation is of general uncertainty. All are waiting for a recovery, but few companies dare to make new investments. There is not a clear tendency in 2015, even though we are forecast to close some projects before year’s end.
Itacolumitas are special sandstones which reach this unexpected flexibility due to special interlocking of its grains, coming from its geological growth. Name comes from the Brazilian country of Itacolumia, Minas Gerais, where it was firstly identified. This strange elastic behavior developed by nature, has been focused by scientists of different areas due to, for example, potential application of itacolumite inspired microstructures, to develop flexible concretes capable to resist, in terms of its own flexibility, vibration coming from earthquakes.
During July and August 2015, INSERTEC has been undertaken more than 60 pojects of maintenance Refractory linings. The local market is still predominantly but we have had an increase of projects in the rest of Europe. To carry out these projects, e have counted with the support of a team of more than 50 people displaced in customer, INSERTEC staff and business partners.
They have been working in Automatic Pouring system,Melting towers, induction furnaces, Reverberatory furnaces, Channel furnaces, Cupola ..etc making all of these installation on date, according to the commitments entered with customers.
By sectors, Iron and Aluminium casting have been the strongest; but we have also had the opportunity to work in other sectors with new developments.
Another point to emphasize, within the development of these projects is the participation of our subsidiaries staff, Technical and Comercial in this case from Brazil (INSERTEC REFRACTARIOS DU BRASIL) and China (ZHENJIANG INSERTEC FOUNDRY) giving us the opportunity to share knowledge and experiences in various maintenance projects of refractories in the projects mentioned.
Aluminium is a relatively young metal in that two hundred years ago no one knew that it existed. It was not until 1825 that Hans Christian Oersted, professer of phisics at the University of Copenhagen managed to produce the first few milligrams of pure aluminium in his laboratory.
It took a further thirty years after Oersted´s original research effors for H. Saint-Claire Deville to produce a slightly larger sample of the pure metal and this was exhibited as a small bar at the Paris Exhibition of 1855 next to crown jewels of France.
Two members of INSERTEC R&D Team will attend the most important worldwide Congres on refractories, UNITECR (TEchnical Conference on Refractories).Event board is composed by main refractories associations, GRA (Germany), TARJ (japón), ACERS (US & Canadá), ALAFAR (Latin-América), and recently CCS from (China), PRE from (UE) and IRMA from (India).
Its celebration every two years takes place in America, Europa and Asia, alternatively. After last congress in Victoria, Canada in 2013, Vienna has been selected as place for current event.
President, Aser Etxebarria (FAGOR) and Marcial alzaga (TEDFUN), made presentation overview about the market and situation of casting in Spain; after this our colleague Victor Mendoza gave a conference about New technology for the linning of holder & dosing furnaces.
General comments about market situation:
Among the partners founders, the forecast is to get an increase of +10.2% (Total 104.955 tons) production in 2015.
The 14th international conference organized by the European Ceramic Society, ECERS 2015, ECERS 2015, took place in Toledo (Spain), last week.
The even was divided in eight different topics covering all the specialties involving traditional and technical ceramics. In spite of the weight of refractory business inside ceramic industry, refractory topic was attended for many people.
INSERTEC , was invited to present a “Keynote” so our R&D Manager, Roberto Caballero, presented a review about refractory solutions for aluminium confinement, very welcome by the audience. Regarding the whole event, more than 800 scientists, technicians and professionals met in Toledo.
If we speak about Sir Isaac Newton, all we go back to our school days and see how relevant is F=m·a, second motion law in our lives.
All we will agree but, if I say any refractory castable, any civil concrete or, in general, any fluid mix would be properly managed through pumping, casting, conveying and so on, thanks to another, basically unknown, Sir Isaac Newton’s law, most of you wouldn’t say what law I am referring.
It says that the shear stress of a fluid is proportional to its shear rate. The proportional factor was called by Newton ‘viscosity’ and its regulation allow us to install our castables, to buy different sauces in the supermarket, to make up our face,…
During the process of furnaces loading, the linning in the crown area supports strong blows; in manual or mechanical loading.
This problem is the cause of the development of this new range of products; whose main characteristics is the high mechanical resistance. Also presented during the fusion process, an excellent performance to the thermal shock, avoiding cracks in this upper part of the furnace.
Without going any further, the Sun is, in itself, a gigantic plasma, full of atoms of Hydrogen and Helium that have lost totally or partially their electrons as a result of the extremely High temperaturas generated inside (they estimate that the temperatura of the Sun is approximately 6000ºC in surface and some 15 million degrees centrigados in its interior.
However,To get a Plasma, it is not necessary to apply such high temperatures, in fact with a candle and a match we have enough; the orange-coloured Corona that we sometimes see in the flame of the candle is the result of dissociation and ionization of the air molecules and plasma in low density and temperatura.
Finally, If we look arround, it is posible to find more tan one element formed of plasma. Also we can find plasma generated naturally as lightning in a storm, or the sun, man has created artificial plasma with different purposes: in medicine, industrial aplications such welding, plasma cutting…etc. Even, most of us have at home fluorescent lamps or televisions based on plasma thechnology.
One of plasma application that interest us, consists of casting units heating based on the technology of high power HPTP, thermal plasma consits in taking advantage of the heat of a plasma arc, and it is a consequence of the ionization of plasmagen gas between a graphite (the cathode) electrode and the metal, which is electrically connected to another electrode (called anode). The electric current flows throught the gas ionizing it, being abble to reach temperaturas up of 10.000ºC in the core of arc.
The generation of plasma is obtained by generating potencial difference between the two electrodes, so that it produces a reaction chain that ionize the plasmagen gas giving rise to plasma arc.
Ferrochrome price is expected to go up in US, China, India, Europe and Japan, do to the tight supply. Is an essential alloy in the production of stainless steel. US, China, European Union and Japan has no chrome ore production or significant reserves.
China overtook South Africa to become the largest producer of Ferrochrome worldwide. The demand for chromium metal is expected to rise by more than 10% in 2015 do to growing demand in stainless steel industry.
Nearly all of the Ferrochrome produced in China relies on imported chrome. From 2004 to 2015, China´s production of high carbon Ferrochrome increased by nearly 10 times, this production till cannot meet domestic demand. China consumed 5.7 million tonnes of Ferrochrome in 2014 and is estimated near 6 million tones in 2015.
Chrome ore has no substitute. Add it to carbon steel in the form of Ferrochrome and the steel becomes stainless steel corrosion resistant, mechanically strong, heat resistant, hard wearing, shiny and glamorous.
Stainless steel is used everywhere in modern life from nuclear reactors, pipes, medical equipments, railroad, airplane and thousands other applications.